Preposition(there is cannot make sentences without I)

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Preposition tells us the place/position of one thing in relation to another or the time of some action. It is also a word that links two nouns (pronouns).
commonly used prepositions are as follows:
Above, behind, for, since, about below, from, to, across, beneath, in, toward, after, beside, inside, rough against, between, into, under, along, beyond, like, until, among, by, near, up, around, down, of, upon, at, during off with, before, except, on, within, nearby, like, as, without

Sometimes prepositions occur as combinations. following examples are some of more common of these compound prepositions:

Ahead of, apart from, as a consequence of because of, on behalf of in advance of, instead of, in addition to, in the course of, regardless of, in care of, in comparison with, according to, in case of for, fear of, next to, in favor of, with the exception of up against, at the risk of, along with, in spite of in connection with, together with, as a result of.

THERE ARE USES OF SOME IMPORTANT PREPOSITIONS

(1) UP: As a preposition, 'up' is used to talk about a higher position or a movement to a higher position.
For Ex:
He followed his teacher up the stairs.

(2) Above: Above' is used to denote a higher position or level.
For Ex :
His marks are above eighty percent.

(3) On: 'On' is used to denote the position of something which is in a position above something else and is touching it.
For Ex -
The book is on the table

Note: On is also used before a 'Day' or 'Date!
For Ex -
I will visit him on Monday.
India became republic on 26th January 1950

If there is an article before a 'means of transport', 'On' is used.
For Ex - 
On a bus/train/ship/cycle.

(4) Over: 'Over' is used to denote the position of something which is above something else and is covering it.
For Ex - 
I put my hands over my eyes.

(5) Down: Down is used to denote a lower position, from a higher one.
For Ex - 
She bent down to look under the car.

(6) Below: 'Below' means 'in a lower position (than)'.
For Ex - 
My marks are below average

(7) Beneath: 'Beneath' means 'directly underneath (something)'
For Ex - 
There is a pipeline beneath the road.

(8) Under: 'Under' is used to denote a position of something which is below something else and is
often covered by it.
For Ex -
Doctor put the thermometer under my tongue.

(9) Between: 'Between' is used to denote the space between two separate places, people,
For Ex - 
My car is parked between a bus and a truck.

(10) Among: Among' means 'In the middle of a number of (more than two things.
For Ex - 
He could not find even a single familiar face among the crowd.

(11) Amongst: 'Among' and 'Amongst mean the same. Though they are bit different in usage
For Ex - 
The sweets which udit had bought were distributed among the poor children.

Amongst is used before a vowel sound, while among is used before a consonant sound.
For Ex - 
Among them
Amongst US

(12) Beside: Beside means 'next to.
For Ex - 
Go and sit beside her.

(13) Besides: Besides means 'in addition to
For Ex - 
They have a lots of things in common besides their profession.

(14) Except: Except is used before a noun about which the statement is not true.
Except means 'apart from.
For Ex - 
Everyone had attended the class except Rohit.

(15) For: 'For' is used to denote period of time.
For Ex - 
I have been sleeping for four hours.

For is also used to denote 'purpose'.
For Ex -
These seats are reserved for ladies only.

(16) Since: Since' is used to denote a point of time.
For Ex - 
I have been sleeping since four P.M.

Since is also used to denote' 'reason'.
For Ex - 
Since I was injured. I did not play the match.

(17) Across: Across' means 'from one side to the other of something with clear boundaries
For Ex - 
Across a road.
Across a bridge

(18) Through: Through' is used to indicate the movement from one end to the other.
For Ex - 
They ran swiftly through the woods.

(19) On: On' is used to denote the position of something which is in a position above something and touching it.
For Ex - 
My Pen is on the bed.

Note: 'On' denotes Position

(20) Upon: 'Upon' is used to denote 'On' in a more formal term, especially in abstract senses.
For. Ex - 
It was based upon two principles

(21) Onto: Onto' is used to indicae movement into or on a particular place.
For Ex - 
She slipped as she stepped onto the floor.

Note: Upon and Onto are used to denote Motion

For Ex - 
The cat jumped upon the platform.
They climbed onto the summit.

(22) In: 'In' is used to denote the position of something which is surrounded or closed off by something
For Ex - 
Neelam is in the room.

Into: 'Into' is used to denote movement inside or middle of something.

For Ex -
Get into the bed.

(23) Within: 'Within' is used to denote time or position which is inside the range or limits of a particular period of time or distance.
For Ex - 
I will complete this work within two hours.
My house is within a mile of the station.

(24) By: 'By' is used to indicate the person or thing which does something.
For Ex - 
I was cheated by him.

Note: By is also used before mode of transportation when it comes with words like 'go', 'come', 'arrive', etc.
For Ex -
I go to school by bus.

(25) With: 'With' is used before something which has been used as means or equipment to do something
For Ex - 
Rajesh shot the tiger with a rifle.

(26) Before: is used for a period of time which is earlier than the thing/time mentioned.
For Ex - 
She came before me.

(27) In front of: 'In front of means 'directly ahead of something)
For Ex - 
Do not stand in front of me.

(28) At: 'At' is used to denote an exact position or a particular place (or time)
For Ex -
I am at my home.
The school starts at 8:30 AM

(29) In: 'In' is used when we want to describe a part or a period of time.
For Ex -
I am going to Mumbai in July.
I was born in 1993.

(30) To: To' is used to denote destination
For Ex - 
I am going to America.
She is going to temple

(31) Towards: Towards' means 'In the direction of
For Ex - 
Isha is going towards the college Rajeev is going towards the temple.

Note: In the above example, College' and Temple' need not to be the destination of 'Isha' and
"Rajeev’’

(32) Inspite of: In Spite of means 'without being affected by the particular factor mentioned
For Ex - 
In spite of being late, he was allowed to enter the class.

(33) Despite: Despite' and 'In spite of mean the same Never use the preposition of with Despite
For Ex - 
Despite being late, he was allowed to enter the class.

(34) Since: 'Since' is used to denote a point of time in the past.
For Ex - 
I had been talking to him since December.
She has been teaching in this school since January.


(35) From: From' is used to denote a point of time/distance at which something starts and then
For Ex - 
The price of milk will rise by Rs. 10 from Monday.
The school remains open from 8:30 a.m. to 2:30 p.m.

Note: The point of time denoted by from can be in past as well as in future.
For Ex - 
I will start going to school from next Monday.

Note: From is also used to show separation'
For Ex - 
The boy fell from the terrace.

(36) Of: Of is used to denote relation
For Ex - 
Sanya is a friend of mine.
The leg of this table is broken.

(37) Off: Off is used to denote separation
For Ex - 
She fell off the bed.
Ashish took his jacket off.

(38) During: During' is used to express the period of time in which something happens.
For Ex- 
I was in Delhi during the winter I went to Shimla during my vacation.

(39) For: For' expresses how long something lasts.
For ex- 
they were on leave for two weeks.
I was in delhi for three months.

Choosing The Right Preposition: Problem Pairs

 Some of pairs prepositions cause problems for even the most careful writers. Often those problem arise from the dialects we speak, and so our ears aren't trained to hear the problem. Fortunately, a little logic Could often tell us which one of the pair is the correct choice in any given situation.

1. Off/of 
Do not use the word of after the word off.

Right: The book fell off the table.
Wrong: The books fell off of the tables.

2. From/Than
When you are trying to says that something is unlike something else, that something is different from something, uses from. Than means in comparison to (similarity), it is illogical to use than to express
difference.

Right: My ideas are different from yours.
Right: These blouses are different from those.

**Note: When differ means disagree, correct the preposition to use with it is with Right: I beg to differ with you.

3. Among/Between
Between is the correct preposition to use when there are two people or things involved. Among is correct when there are three or more.

Right: We will put this book between the other two.
Right: We will put this book among all the many others in this group.

4. Like/As
Both like and as are prepositions that express similarity. People tend to think of them as interchangeable, but they are not. As is a conjunction that shows similarity, but like is not. Problems arise when we substitute the preposition like for the conjunction as. The following sentence is an example of the problem:

Wrong: will do like you advise. (-you advice is a clause [it has a subject and a verb] and can't be the object of a preposition; the clause requires a conjunction to introduce it.)
Right: I will do as you advise.



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