Past perfect continuous tense rules




Past Perfect Continuous tense
This Tense is used to express an action that started in past, continued for a period of time and the finished in Past.
Affirmative
Subject
Had been +V1 ing
Obj.
She
Had been watching
T.V.
Negative
Subject
Had not been + v1 ing
Obj.
She
Had not been watching
T.V.
Interrogative
Had
Subject been + v1 ing
Obj?
Had
She been watching
T.V.
Negative-Interrogative
Had
Subject not been +v1 ing
Obj?
Had
She not been watching
T.V.

Structure:
The structure of sentences with singular/Plural subject remains same in Past Perfect Continuous Tense.
For singular/ For Plural:
=> Sub + had been + V1 ing + obj + Since/for time being (Affirmative)
For Ex –
(a) She had been watching TV for two hours.
(b) She had been watching T.V. since 2 p.m
=> Sub + had not been + V1 ing + Obj + Since/for + Time being (Negative)
For Ex –
(a) She had not been watching T.V. for Two hours.
(b) She had not been watching T.V. since 2.00 PM.
=> Had + Sub + been + V1 ing + Obj + since/for + Time being +? (Interrogative)
For Ex –
(a) Had she been watching T.V. for two hours?
(b) Had she been watching TV. since 2:00 PM?
=> Had + Sub + not + been + V1 ing + Obj + Since/for Time being + ?' (Interrogative Negative)
For Ex –
(a) Had she not been watching TV for two hours?
(b) Had she not been watching T.V. since 2:00 PM
Uses:
1. It is used to express a repeated action in the past.
For Ex –
(a) I had been trying to contact you.
(b) He had been trying to get a good job.

2. It is used to express an action that had happened in the past and its effects were still visible in the past.
For Ex –
(a) She had been playing tennis when the news of her selection came in.
(b) I had been reading novel for 2 hours, when she asked me about its plot.


Some Past perfect continuous  sentences:-
1. He had been working hard for ten years when he fell ill.
2. My grandfather had been running business before he died.
3. It has been raining since morning when you rang me up.
PRACTICE EXERCISE
1. She …………… (feel) tired because She …………… (work) since morning
2. The child ……………(cry) for twenty minutes, but no one ………….. (pay) any attention to it.
3. She ……………... (try) to solve the problem for three hours before she …………... (find) the answer.
4. We ………….. (live) in Punjab before my father ............... (retire).
5. Anil ……………….. (join) the post-graduate course in the same college in which he ............(study) during the previous three years.
6. The candidate ……………….. (speak) for ten minutes when the light ..........( go off).
7. The workers………….. (demand) the dismissal of the manager. The factory owners .. (not pay) any attention to the demand.
8. The dacoits (raid) the villages in the area for three months. They …………(kill) several persons by the time the police ………... (get) at them.
9. It …………(rain) heavily for a month and a dam ........... (break). The villages for miles around…………….(be) under water.
10. He ……………... (waste) his money in gambling and …………... (become) a pauper.

Study Empire
My name is Gagandeep Singh. I belong to Punjab which is a big state of India. I have done a graduate in arts stream. Now I have been working on a blog (free English course).

Related Posts

Post a Comment

Subscribe Our Newsletter