Tense present simple with rules


What is tense?



On the basis of time of an action performed, we can divide sentences into the following three tenses:

  1. Present Tense
  2. Future Tense
  3. Past Tense
 Again on the basis of state of an action performed, we can further classify each tense into the following four parts:
  1. Simple Indefinite Tense
  2. Continuous Tense
  3. Perfect Tense
  4. Perfect Continuous Tense

Present Tense

Plural(I,we,you,they)
Singular(He,she,it)
1st Form of verb
1st Form +s,es
Do not+ 1ST form
Does not+ 1ST form
Do + Sub + 1st form
Does+ Sub + 1st form

This Tense expresses an action that is currently going on or habitually performed or a state that currently or generally exists. We can classify present Tense into the following four parts:

  1. Present Indefinite (Simple Present)
  2. Present Continuous (Present Progressive)
  3. Present Perfect
  4. Present Perfect Continuous


Present Indefinite Tense
This Tense is called Present 'Indefinite Tense because in this Tense, the action is simply mentioned and nothing can be said about its completeness. This Tense is used to express an action which occurs on regular basis.
Structure
For Singular:
=>Sub + V1 + s/es + Obj. (Affirmative)
For Ex - She writes a letter
=>Sub + does not + V1 + Obj. (Negative)
 For Ex - She does not write a letter.
=>Does + Sub + V1 + Obj. + '?' (Interrogative)
 For Ex - Does she write a letter?
=>Does + Sub + not + V1 + Obj + '?' (Interrogative - Negative)
 For Ex - Does she not write a letter?
For Plural:
=>Sub + V1 + Obj (Affirmative)
For Ex - They play cricket.
=>Sub + do not + V1 + Obj (Negative)
For Ex - They do not play cricket.
=>Do + Sub + V1 + Obj + “?” (Interrogative)
For Ex - Do they play cricket?
=>Do + Sub + not + V1 + obj + “?” (Interrogative - Negative)
For Ex - Do they not play cricket?
Note: I is treated as Plural' in Present Tense.
For Ex- l eat dinner at 8 O'clock daily.
Uses:
1. To show Habitual Actions.
For Ex-
(a) He goes out for a walk every day.
(b) My father visits temple thrice a week.
2. To show General truth/Universal truth permanent truth etc.
For Ex –
(a) The sun rises in the east.
(b) Water boils at 100°C.
3. To show imperative sentences.
For Ex –
(a) Always obey your parents.
(b) Do not play on the road.
4. In exclamatory sentences which start with 'Here' and There’
For Ex-
(a) Here comes the train!
(b) There rings the bell!
5. In newspaper headlines and commentary of sports.
For Ex –
(a) India launches a satellite.
(b) Sachin hits a boundary

6. To describe the events that occurred in past in a dramatic way.
For Ex –
(a) India uproots the British Empire
(b) Alexander defeats Paurus.
7. This Tense is also used to express professional activities.
For Ex –
(a) A barber cuts hair.
(b) A confectioner sells sweets.
PRACTICE EXERCISE
  1. The mother . (cook) food for us.
  2. She ..... (call) on me every morning
  3. They ....... (play) football in the evening.
  4. She....... (wish) everybody, good morning
  5. My mother ......... (get) up early in the morning.
  6. The cat ......... (kill) rats.
  7. The boys ......... not.......... (sing) a song.
  8. Do you ........... (play) cricket ?
  9.  ......... Anil .........(plays) cricket ?
  10.  She ............ (read) In tenth class.
  11.  Two and two.......... (make) four.
  12.  If she .......... (work) hard, she will pass.
  13.  When he........(Come) I shall leave this seat for him.
  14.  Kalidas .......... (says)." Beauty needs no Ornaments"
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