present perfect continous tense rules




Present Perfect Continuous
This type of Tense is used to express those actions that had begun in the past and are still in progress.
Affirmative
Subject
Has/have+been
+ V1 + ing.
She
Has been
talking.
Negative
Subject
Has/Have+not
+ V1 + ing.
She
Has not  been
talking.
Interrogative
Has/have+
+subject+been
V1 + ing+?
has
She been
talking?
Negative-Interrogative
Has/have+
+subject+not+been
V1 + ing+?
has
She not been
talking?

Structure:
For Singular:
=>Sub + has been + V1 ing + Obj + since/for + Time being. (Affirmative)
For Ex –
(a) Ram has been living here since 1993.
(b) Ram has been living here for last ten years.
=>Sub + has not been + V1 ing + Obj + since/for + Time being. (Negative)
For Ex –
(a) Ram has not been living here since 1993.
(b) Ram has not been living here for last ten years.
=> Has + Sub + been + V1 ing + Obj + since/for + Time being +'?' (Interrogative)
For Ex –
(a) Has Ram been living here since 1993?
(b) Has Ram been living here for last ten years?
=> Has + Sub + not + been + V1 ing + Obj + since/for + Time being + “?” (Interrogative-Negative)
For Ex –
(a) Has Ram not been living here since 1993?
(b) Has Ram not been living here for last ten years?
For Plural:
=>Sub + have been + V1 ing + Obj. + since/for + Time being. (Affirmative)
For Ex –
(a) They have been singing since morning.
(b) They have been singing for two hours.
=> Sub + have not been + V1 ing + Obj. + since/for + Time being. (Negative)
For Ex –
(a) They have not been singing since morning.
(b) They have not been singing for two hours.
=>Have + Sub + been + V1 ing + Obj. + since/for + Time being + ‘?' (Interrogative)
For Ex –
(a) Have they been singing since morning?
(b) Have they been singing for two hours?
=>Have + Sub + not + been + V1 ing + Obj + since/for + Time being + '?' (Interrogative- Negative)
For Ex - Have they not been singing for two hours?
For Ex - I have been cleaning the room since morning.
Note:
(a) 'since' is used to represent 'Point of time
(b) 'for' is used to represent 'Period of time
Uses:
1. To show those actions that had begun in the past and are still in progress.
For Ex – The baby has been sleeping since morning.
2. It can be used with time phrases like
For Ex-
(a) For how long have you been eating?
(b) She has been crying all the time.
Some presents perfect continuous  sentences:-
1. I have been living in this house for two years.
2. These boys have been making a noise for an hour.
3. She has been washing clothes since morning.
4. Since when have you been waiting for me?
5. For how long have you been living in this house?
6. They have been walking in the rain, so they are shivering.
7. I have been white washing my house since morning, so I am feeling tired.
PRACTICE EXERCISE
1. I ..........not ........(read) since morning.
2. He ............. (take) exercise for an hour.
3. . she .............. (wash) the clothes since 8 a.m.?
4. We ............ not ............ (play) cricket for four hours.
5. Sarla .............. (suffer) from fever for a week.
6. Who ................. (quarrel) with you for ten minutes ?
7. Sushma ............... (cry) for half an hour.
8. They ............not .......... (real) in this school since 2000.
9. What ........... you............. - (do) since morning ?
10.  Where ................ she .............. (stay) since July last?

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My name is Gagandeep Singh. I belong to Punjab which is a big state of India. I have done a graduate in arts stream. Now I have been working on a blog (free English course).

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