Subject Verb Agreement (replacement of every single word)

What is Subject verb agreements?
In English, the basic structure of a sentence is as follows:
"Subject + Verb + Object' 
Now, for a sentence to be grammatically correct, the verb must agree with the subject. In the other words the verb used must be in accordance with the person and number of subject
For example, look at the following sentence 
(a) Shivam writes a letter (Singular verb is used with singular Subject) 
(b) They write a letter (Plural verb used with Plural subject) 
In order to attain grammatical accuracy some rules must be followed which are as follows

Rule 1.  Make The  verb agree in number with its subject; make The pronoun agree in number with Its antecedents.
For ex-
The list of spare part was long. (Singular)
The list of spare parts were long. (Plural)

Rule 2. Ensure the verb agrees with the true subject and not with an intervening plural object of a preposition of any other intervening plural.
For ex-
The box of NestlĂ©’s chocolate is missing

(Here the true subject is box and not Annette’s chocolates. a Chocolates is the object of preposition "of")

Rule 3. Subjects joined by and are usually plural and take the plural verbs.
For ex-
His typewriter and my radio were stolen,

Rule 4. Words like with, together with, besides, as well as, including, in addition to, etc. don't affect the number of the verb. If subject is singular, a singular verb is required. If plural, a plural verb.
For ex-
a television, along with the cabinet, is to be sold.

Rule 5. If subject is made up of both singular and plural words connected by or nor, either..... or neither... Nor, not only. but also, verb agrees with the nearer part of the subject.
For ex-
Neither quality nor the prices have changed.

Rule 6. If the subject is singular, it requires a singular verb.
For ex-
Neither our Accounts Department nor our Head Office has The record of the transaction

Rule 7. The Nouns that are plural in form but singular in meaning, such as news, measles, mumps, physics, electronics, tactics, economics and so on, usually take singular verbs.
For ex-
News is travelling

Collective Nouns A collective noun is a word that represents a group of persons, animals or things, eg. board, departmentcabinet, committee, company, council, army, police, society,  etc.

Rule 8. When the group acts as a unit, verb should be singular.
For ex-
The committee has agreed to submit it's report on Friday. 
The Board of Directors meets once in a year.
The firm is one of the most reputed in the country. The majority has made its decision.

Rule 9. When the members of the group are thought of as acting separately, verb should be plural.
For ex-
teams are arguing over who should be the captain.

Rule 10. When The nouns expressing periods of time, amounts of money, or quantities are considered as a single unit, singular verbs are used.
For ex-
Ten rupees seem too much for the job.
Three months is too long a time to wait.

Rule 11. Certain The collective nouns, though singular in form, are always used in the plural sense and take a plural verb. For example, gentry, cattle, poultry, alphabet etc.
For ex-
These poultry are ready for sale.

Rule 12. CertainThe  nouns are always used in singular and followed by singular verbs. There are not used in the plural sense and do not take on plural verbs. For example hair, advice, information, scenery, luggage, mischief bread, abuse, furniture, land, business, machinery, poetry etc.
For ex-
Her hair has turned grey now.
The scenery of Kasauli is beautiful.

Rule 13. The words each, every, either and neither, used as pronouns or as adjectives, are always singular and require singular verbs.
For ex-
Each of them does have political ambitions.
Each employee is responsible for clearing his desk in the morning.

Rule 14.  Some nouns like Scenery, Poetry, Furniture, Hair, Business, Mischief, Information, Luggage, Work, Traffic, Stationery, Equipment, Evidence, Electricity, Behaviour, crockery, etc. are uncountable. Hence, Singular verb is used with them.
For Ex- 
(a) The scenery of Switzerland mesmerises everyone.
(b) The furniture that I bought yesterday is really comfortable.

Rule 15. 'All Can be used in both 'countable' and 'uncountable'. When used as uncountable, we use singular verb and when used as countable, it takes plural verb.
For Ex- 
(a) All is good now a days.
(b) Here all is uncountable, Hence verb is singular.
(c) All have gone to Mumbai.
Here all is countable, hence verb is plural

Rule 17. With expression like if/as if/ as though/ 
For Ex- 
(a) I wish, I were the President of India.

(b) If I were you, I would have finished the work.

Rule 18. Whenever 'Amount of/ Quantity of is followed by an uncountable noun, singular verb follows 
For Ex- 
The amount of milk is sufficient.

Rule 19. We use plural subject and Plural verb with the following:
"Many, A great many. A good many, Many of, A great many of, A good many of, both, several, various, Both of, Several of, various of, few, a few, very few, few of, a few of, very few of
For Ex- 
(a) Many boy are absent today.
(b) A great many actors are coming
(c) Many of the girls are taking part in the contest.
(d) Very few students are hard working.

But, 'many a' is followed by singular noun and singular verb
For Ex- 
(a) Many a boy has come for the class.
(b) Many a car has been stolen.

Rule 20. If we use the before any adjective, then 'Plural verb' is used i.e. The weak, The rich, The poor, The honest, The injured, The dumb, The French, etc. are all used as plural subject.
For Ex- 
(a) The poor are generally hardworking
(b) The rich are not always happy.

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