The Past perfect tense rules with example



Past Perfect tense
This Tense expresses an action which has been completed (a long time ago) in the Past.
Affirmative
Subject
Had +V3
Obj.
She
Had gone
Temple
Negative
Subject
Had not + v3
Obj.
She
Had not gone
Temple
Interrogative
Had
Subject + v3
Obj?
Had
She gone
Temple?
Negative-Interrogative
Had
subject +not+v3
Obj?
Had
She not gone
Temple?

Structure:
The structure of sentences with singular/Plural Subject remains same in Past Perfect Tense.
For singular / For palural:
=> Sub + had + V3 + Obj. (Affirmative)
For ex-He had left for USA.
=> Sub + had + not + v3 +Obj. (Negative)
For ex-He had not left for USA.
=> had + Sub + V3 + Obj? (Interrogative)
For ex- Had he left for USA?
=> Had +Sub + not + V3 + Obj? (Interrogative - Negative)
For Ex - Had he not let for USA?
Uses:
1. When we actions occur in the past, one after the other, then, the first action is expressed in perfect Tense and the second action is expressed in Simple Past Tense.
For Ex –
(a) The Raju had died before the doctor came
(b) He came after she had gone.
2. To express some unfulfilled wish in the Past.
For Ex –
(a) I had hoped that he would pass.
(b) She had expected his arrival, but he did not come


Some past perfect sentences:-
1. The rain had stopped before we returned home.
2. The picture had started when I reached the cinema hall.
3. I had done my exercise when Sheela came to see me.
4. She told me his name after he had left.
5. We reached the school after the bell had gone.
6. She had not finished her home task till sunset.
7. He had not paid his fee till the end of the session.
8. You had not prepared for the examination till the last hour.
Read the following paragraph carefully and fill in the blank with appropriate form of verb given in bracket : 
1. He said that he ……………..(Play) the Cricket.
2. Mohan ………………(reach) home before it started raining.
3. She said that she ................ (win) the first prize.
4. We ……………………..(understand) the poem after the teacher had explained it to us.
5. He had broken the lock before I ………………. (bring) the key.
6. The boys said that they…………….... (finish) their work.
7. We ………………..(reach) the ground before the match started.
8. He ……………... (not put) on his clothes when the bell rang.
9. We ………………. (have) our dinner before she left.
10. The officer was glad to find that the clerk ………………(type) all the letters.
11. I ................. (close) the book after I had read it.
12. The patient …………... (die) before the doctor came.
13. The teacher said that the boys …………... (go) on a picnic.
14. He ………………. (not see) me before that.

15. He ………………. (not recognise) me when I went to meet him.

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Study Empire
My name is Gagandeep Singh. I belong to Punjab which is a big state of India. I have done a graduate in arts stream. Now I have been working on a blog (free English course).

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